Excavators

Homeowners

remote_ticket_entrylaw and enforcementwho_makes_the_callwhat_julie_does_not_coverpremarking_your_projectInformation Neededrequest_formyour dig numberprocessing your requestcall back waiverexcavator_handbookmapping_and_platif damage occursAPWA color codingresources_btnOnSite presentationse-request

PRE-MARKING YOUR PROJECT

State law requires excavators to white-line the dig site when practical.

White-lining is the process of marking the dig area with white paint and/or white flags prior to contacting JULIE. In winter months, black paint or flags should be used when snow is present.
White-lining allows utility locators to complete their work more quickly and makes it easier for excavation crews to identify the dig site. It can also reduce the number of joint meets needed.

White-Lining Tips

  • Use only white paint and/or flags (black when snow is present) 
  • White-line your project prior to contacting JULIE
  • Paint with dashes, lines or arrows
    • The width of each mark should be approximately 2" 
    • The length of each mark should be 6" to 12"
    • The distance between marks depends on site conditions, but should be no greater than 20'
    • Company identification should be painted at reasonable intervals to allow for quick identification
    • Pre-marks that box in the excavation are limited to that box (unless specified otherwise on the locate request
  • Mark the center line
  • Indicate on your locate request that you want locators to mark at least 10 feet past your white-lined area 

For additional information, or if you have any questions, please contact a Damage Prevention Manager in your area. 

MARKING SAMPLES

SINGLE STAKE PRE-MARKINGS CENTER POINT OF EXCAVATION SITE

When an excavation site is contained within a 50’ radius or less, it can be delineated with a single stake that is positioned at the proposed center of the excavation. If the excavator chooses this type of delineation, they must convey that they have delineated the excavation site with a single stake at the center of the excavation and include the radius of the site in the notification to JULIE. This single stake is to be white in color with the following information: excavator’s company identifier (name, abbreviations, or initials) and the radius of the excavation site in black letters on the stake or with a notice attached to the stake.
 

http://www.illinois1call.com/images/marking_guidelines/pre-ma1.jpg

 

TRENCHING, BORING OR OTHER CONTINUOUS TYPE EXCAVATIONS

Pre-mark in white paint the proposed centerline of planned excavation using 6” to 12” x 2” arrows, approximately 4’ to 20’ apart to show direction of excavation. The maximum separation of excavation pre-marks would be determined by site conditions but should never exceed 20’. Pre-mark lateral excavations with occasional arrows showing excavation direction from centerline with pre-marks at curb or property line if crossed.
 

http://www.illinois1call.com/images/marking_guidelines/trenching_boring_premark.jpg

 

NON-LINEAR EXCAVATION PRE-MARKINGS

Delineate in white the proposed area of excavation through the use of: a continuous line, dashes marking the four corners of the project or dashes outlining the excavation project. In lieu of paint, stakes, flags or whiskers, may be used. Limit the size of each dash to approximately 6” to 12” in length and 2” in width with interval spacing approximately 4’ to 20’ apart. The maximum separation of excavation pre-marks is to be reduced to a length that can be reasonably seen by the underground line owner’s locators when the terrain or excavation site conditions warrant it. Stakes, flags or whiskers are white in color with the excavator’s company identifier (name, abbreviations, or initials) provided on the stake, flag or whisker.
 

http://www.illinois1call.com/images/marking_guidelines/non_linear_premark.jpg

 


 

http://www.illinois1call.com/images/marking_guidelines/pre-ma5.jpg

 

MARKING TERMS

The following marking terms can be utilized when completing your locate request to help describe the area to be located.

A. CENTER LANE(S) - On a four lane street, the two lanes at the center of the pavement.

http://www.illinois1call.com/images/marking_terms/center_lane.gif

B. CUL DE SAC STREET - A local street open at one end with a special provision for turning around.

http://www.illinois1call.com/images/marking_terms/cul_de_sac.gif

C. CULVERT - Any pipe or structure under a roadway or driveway to facilitate drainage of surface (not pictured).

D. CURB LANE(S)- Traffic or parking lane immediately adjacent to the curb. 

E. CURB TO CURB
- The paved area of a road right-of-way between the two curb lines. 

http://www.illinois1call.com/images/marking_terms/curb_curb.gif

F. CURB TO PROPERTY LINE - The area between the curb and the front property line including the terrace and/or the sidewalk. 

G. CURB LINE
- The point where the curb meets the edge of the street pavement.

H. EASEMENT
- A right to use or control the property of another for designated purposes (not pictured). 

I. FRONTAGE ROAD
- A local street or road auxiliary to and located on the side of an arterial highway for service to abutting property and adjacent areas and for control of access. 

http://www.illinois1call.com/images/marking_terms/FrontageRoad.gif

J. FRONT LOT LINE - (Same as the street right-of-way line.)  The property line adjacent to the street right-of-way. 

K. HIGHWAY
- A public way for the purpose of vehicular travel, including the entire area within the highway right-of-way. 

L. INTERSECTION
- The general area where two or more highways join or cross, within which are included the roadway and roadside lines for traffic movements in that area. 

http://www.illinois1call.com/images/marking_terms/Interchange.gif

M. INTERCHANGE - A system of interconnecting roadways in conjunction with one or more grade separations providing for the movement of traffic between two or more roadways on different levels (not pictured). 

N. LONG SIDE
- Indicates excavation on both sides of the pavement with probable bore of pavement. 

O. LOT LINE
- A line marking the legal limits of an individual's property (not pictured). 

P. LOT LINE TO LOT LINE
- The area between the two side lot lines on private property or the entire road right-of-way.  See Right-of-Way (W)

Q. MEDIAN
- The portion of a divided highway separating the traveled ways for traffic in opposite directions. 

R. NEAR SIDE
- See Short Side (BB)

S. ON SIDE
- See Short Side (BB).

T. PARKWAY
- The area between the edge of the pavement and the sidewalk or property line if no sidewalk exists. 

http://www.illinois1call.com/images/marking_terms/Parkway.gif

U. PROPERTY LINE - See Lot Line (O).

V. REAR LOT LINE(S)
- Property lot line at the rear of the lot area (opposite street) that connects the two side lot lines. 

W. RIGHT-OF-WAY
- Dedicated street area bounded by two generally parallel lines called right-of-way lines.  Another name for these lines is front property lines. 

X. ROAD
- Highway in rural area (not pictured).

Y. ROAD BORE
- See Long Side (N).

Z. ROADSIDE
- A general term denoting the area adjoining the outer edge of the roadway.  Extensive areas between the roadway of a divided highway may also be considered roadside. 

AA. ROADWAY
- The portion of a highway, including shoulders, for vehicular use.

http://www.illinois1call.com/images/marking_terms/Rightofway.gif

BB. SHORT SIDE - The excavation to take place on the same side of the road as the address listed. 

CC. SHOULDER
- The edge of a road between normal traffic lanes and grass areas.  The term normally used in areas where there is no curb. 

DD. SIDE LOT LINE(S)
- The two property lines which normally extend away from the street right-of-way at approximately 90 degree angles. 

EE. STREET
- Highway in an urban area. 

FF. TERRACE
- See Parkway (T).